If the Chinese wanted to establish a trading, where further trade could have been carried out with China. 1421: The Year China Discovered the World Take me to 1421 » In 1434, Gavin Menzies offers a stunning reappraisal of history, presenting compelling new evidence on the European Renaissance, tracing its roots to China. WITH verve and unflagging conviction, Gavin Menzies advances a … Report of the President’s Commission on Implementation of United States Space Exploration Policy Moon, Mars and Beyond … June 2004 A Journey to Inspire, Innovate, and Discover . He argues that the, Portuguese must have had maps to guide them, but he never once considers that the, Chinese may have also had maps to guide them. Gavin Menzies, a retired submarine lieutenant claimed the Chinese had sailed to North American in 1421, a full 30 years before Christopher Columbus was even born. Presents a startling journey of adventure and exploration that could turn the conventional view of world history on its head. PDF | Book Review 1421, The Year China Discovered the World by Gavin Menzies, Bantam Press, 2002 Review By Dan Gibson for Nabataea | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate But Menzies is convinced that it was the Chinese. Menzies pieces together many, types of circumstantial evidence, but do they stand up to scrutiny? But Menzies seems totally unaware that, the best Arabic medieval maps, such as those of Al Idrisi, bear no comparison in detail or accur, “One can only imagine the extraordinary impact these carts, based, e Records of Armaments and Military Provisions. ey would have had much less of a problem. The 1421 research team was set up to receive and disseminate all information gathered via this website. Tibbetts, G, R., Arab Navigaton, Oriental Tanslation Fund, New Series Volume Menzies has put together other interesting evidence, such as the carved stone, on the island of Corvo o the coast of Portugal which displays a man seated upon, a horse, his head uncovered and bald, his left hand on his horse and his right hand, pointing towards the west. slowly expanded so that Chinese junks began sailing to East China seas once again. If the junk had been part of a huge treasure eet, then I would assume that other ships, from the eet would have rescued the sailors. After 14 pages of describing Arab accomplishments, the, Chinese are suddenly credited with the production of the maps! 1421 is a very late date to discover the. en in 1421 China broke with their traditional history and launched, a eet of merchant ships. cartography of Antilia was amazingly good. astrolabe, which Arab navigators used to guide the Portuguese and others across the world. Below the rock is writing that has not been translated. Menzies then goes on to describe at great length how the Chinese told time in, order to calculate longitude. He then uses the highly questionable, mentions that Needham states that there are more than 20 dier, journeys when of course the Chinese could have simply journeyed north overland. In a theory proposed by Gavin Menzies, supposedly the year that Chinese explorer Hong Bao and Zhou Wen discovered the Americas, beating Columbus by about 70 years. New York: William Morrow. In the chapter titled Settlement in North America, Menzies quotes, who arrived at Rhode Island in 1524. Articles, Reviews Vol. It has been a national holiday in the United States since 1937. 1421: The Year China Discovered America? Greatly expanding on 1421, Gavin Menzies and Ian Hudson uncover the complete untold history of how mankind came to populate the Americas - by multiple seaborne voyages over a period of thousands of years. Vol. It identifies two sources of the decline of intellectual values within a scientific ... A review of Dans les coulisses du Proche-Orient: Mémoires d’un journaliste diplomate (1952–2012) by Eric Rouleau. Reading like a real-life Indiana Jones story The Lost Empire of Atlantis takes us on an epic journey around the world to finally uncover the truth behind the mystery of Atlantis. He totally misunderstands the Arab navigational system that used nautical manuals known, In Chapter 16 Menzies begins to describe to us the world from a 1470’, help from the Arabs, and that they used the Arab names for the star navigation, Arab, charts and Arab navigators to guide them. The Records of Armaments and Military Provisions. Take me to 1421 », In 1434, Gavin Menzies offers a stunning reappraisal of history, presenting compelling new evidence on the European Renaissance, tracing its roots to China. China’s regional dominance plummeted after losing and influenced a series of internal clashes over the next 16 years. In the corner of the map, near South, America and Antarctica is the following inscription in T, is constructed. The website has been invaluable in providing new information pertinent to Gavin and the team's research, as well as a means of refining the hypotheses by corrections and amendments that we receive from our readers. He describes the local people as: “, some of them incline more to whiteness: others are of yellow colour, sweet and pleasant countenance… e women are of the conformity and beauty; very handsome, and well favoured, of pleasant countenance and comely to behold; they are as well-manner, continent as any woman, and of good education …. See also: Editorial Introduction to Nicolò de' Conti's Menzies’ chapter on the rst colony in America proposes that a Chinese junk sank, in the Sacramento River and that the survivors built a colony about seventy miles north-west, of the wreck. 4.5 out of 5 stars 355. 215-216, Reoccuring strife between Arabs and Chinese in Canton. Menzies Thesen werden von Fachhistorikern als Fiktion abgelehnt. #history #1421 #zhenghe #columbuswaslast, “FILLED WITH EXCITEMENT, JUST AS YOU'D EXPECT FROM SOMEONE PROPOUNDING ONE OF THE MOST REVOLUTIONARY IDEAS IN THE HISTORY OF HISTORY.”, “A HISTORICAL DETECTIVE, AS WELL AS A SCHOLAR, [WHO] ADDS TO OUR KNOWLEDGE OF THE WORLD, PAST AND PRESENT.”. But for some reason Menzies thinks this is somehow proof of a Chinese connection! e proofs given by M, only bring us to the conclusion that the Americas had been visited before the Portuguese, arrived. Book Review 1421, The Year China Discovered the World, Review By Dan Gibson for Nabataea, 2003 priests as being the rst documentation of Portuguese sailors setting foot on, Island. The book has generated controversy within the halls of scholarship. », 1421: The Year China Discovered the World S. no pictures, no pen drawings, and no further mention of it, not even on the website. 1421, The Year China Discovered the World There is a great theory put forward by Gavin Menzies in his book: "1421 The Year China Discovered the World" and offers a solution how these "Germanic scholars based in the mountains of eastern France" could have come up with such a solution. Account, Kennon Breazeale, East-West Center, SOAS Bulletin of Burma Research, by Gavin Menzies, Bantam Press, 2002 The Year China Discovered America. [2] Christopher Ingold Laboratories, University College London, U.K. deeds” by Aeneas Sylvius (who later became P, 1477. interesting, but it is certainly not conclusive proof the Chinese ever arriving in the Caribbean. "The book '1421, The Year China Discovered America' is a fairytale and a fiction" An article by Dr Geoff Wade, history expert, National University of Singapore. e South America section, was drawn from maps made during the time of Alexander the Great and his Generals who, the Great, or Ptolemy II, who collected maps at the G, mentions that Arabs created the original maps of this part of the world during the time of, the Alexanders, not the Chinese. So we apparently have evidence. 1491 (Second Edition): New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus Charles C. Mann. A new exhibition sets the scene, presenting new evidence that lends support to the assumptions made in "1421: The Year China Discovered America" by Gavin Menzies. 1421. Taipei: Caves Books We are very sorry to write to tell you that … Read more, SL Lee’s research paper proves that China mapped America before … Read more, 1421Foundation https://t.co/XIjUVSoCGx 1, Cambridge 1954, pp He fails, to point out the miserable map-mapping skills of the Chinese in 1402, but claims that. 559-561, 577. infers and wants us to believe that the T, where he obtained the information for that section. Menzies then claims. Needham, Joseph, Science and Civilization in China: Volume 4, Physics and To find out more please visit www.1421foundation.org. Menzies uses this map to demonstrate, that the Chinese knew to sail around the southern tip of Africa to reach Europe. Ltd. (1986). Physical Technology, Part 3, Civil Engineering and Nautics. XLII, Royal Asiatic Society, London, 1981, pp 5, 6, 238. s journals mentioned in John Framption's The most noble and famous travels of Marco Polo, 1579. The 1421 Research, Education and Exploration Foundation is a US-based non-profit foundation set up to fund ongoing research into pre-Columbian trans-oceanic exploration. convince historians that he has uncovered any solid evidence to support his claims. This website is a legacy site for Gavin Menzies. or EZ Username Phone (Last four digits) or EZ Password. If you do not have Adobe Reader already installed on your computer, you can download the installer and instructions free from the … 1/2 (Jul., 1985), pp. This fascinating documentary examines the mystery surrounding the sailing exploits of the legendary Admiral Zhen He and his 30 year command of a gigantic Ming fleet. Paperback. I am writing a paper on ancient Islamic Qiblas, based on my understanding from the Bedouin. Although the Arabs understood ho, they never mastered how to measure time, with the necessary accuracy, achieved, and hence the Arabs could not have produced the Cantino or the, And so in two sentences, Menzies dismissed an age old question of who developed, these technologies rst. He served in the Royal Navy between 1953 and 1970. But Menzies is convinced that, Da Conti sailed with the Chinese around Africa to the shores of P. up and then implies that the Portuguese must have gotten their maps from the Chinese. 4.3 out of 5 stars 189. Innovate, and Discover June 2004. e emperor banned all merchants from going, abroad. Hsi-Yang Chi-An Interpretation and Some Comparisons with Hsi. Remember Me (lasts for 2 weeks, or until you log out) 1421. Menzies provides us with, only one Portuguese-Chinese connection through Da Conti, who returned from the East, by 1424, in disguise because he had converted to Islam. Obviously some people had been. e same goes for the following chapter where Menzies describes (pg 276) how explorer, Chinese as the book supposes or were these people of other races? And, then, much to our surprise, he insists that the maps that the Portuguese used were of, on the Chinese voyages of 1421 to 1423 must have had on the Europeans …”, I fail to catch the connection. suggesting that the Chinese and the Mayans used an identical method. Most, scholars insist that the eet of treasure ships commissioned by Chinese Emperor Zhu Di, sailed only in the Indian Ocean and South China Seas. Menzies quotes several studies, but does not provide us with the names of these, studies, or indeed any footnotes that would help a researcher check out his claims. 1421: The Year China Discovered America Gavin Menzies. is lack, of footnoting is very frustrating as the reader cannot check further into Menzies’ sources. It was Arabs who invented, It was Arabs who brought merchant trade to China. 2, Autumn 2004. CDN$24.73. This documentary examines the controversial theory that a Chinese Ming Dynasty fleet, led by Zheng He, sailed past the Cape of Good Hope and crossed the Atlantic to discover the Americas… W, that this is possible evidence that there was communication between South America, and China but this kind of communication could have been made through merchants, visiting both civilizations, rather than direct contact between them. crossing the seas for many centuries. 1421: THE YEAR CHINA DISCOVERED THE WORLD (PAPERBACK) Download PDF 1421: The Year China Discovered The World (Paperback) Authored by Gavin Menzies Released at 2004 Filesize: 8.01 MB To open the data 0le, you will need Adobe Reader software program. This article can also be found at the Monthly Review website , where most recent articles are published in full. And so the P, accuracy of Chinese Map mapping. 1434: The Year a Magnificent Chinese Fleet Sailed to Italy and Ignited the Renaissance Gavin Menzies. 1421: The Year China Discovered America (2002) 1434: The Year a Magnificent Chinese Fleet Sailed to Italy and Ignited the Renaissance (2008) The Lost Empire of Atlantis: History's Greatest Mystery Revealed (2011) Who Discovered America? Directed by David Wallace. Why does M, not tell us that Megallan had access to Arab maps? Columbus discovered America in 1492, any elementary school student will tell you. 117-141. In the very next paragraph Menzies quotes, whether beyond the Cape of Good Hope it was possible to navigate to India…. Is, Menzies deliberately trying to mislead us by failing to tell us about them or was his, research so sloppy that he missed such an important point (which undermines every. DVD,This special examines the theories outlined by Gavin Menzies in his best-selling book. He admits that the Portuguese learned from, the Arabs that the Spice Islands could be reached by sailing west, rather than east. Gavin Menzies (1937-2020) was the bestselling author of 1421: The Year China Discovered America; 1434: The Year a Magnificent Chinese Fleet Sailed to Italy and Ignited the Renaissance; and The Lost Empire of Atlantis: History's Greatest Mystery Revealed. nd evidence for the Chinese that he simply missed such an important statement. Illustrated. At the end of the printed text are. This site is a legacy site for Gavin Menzies. Review By Dan Gibson for Nabataea, All figure content in this area was uploaded by Dan Gibson, All content in this area was uploaded by Dan Gibson on Dec 09, 2017, In this book Gavin Menzies, a British submarine captain puts forward the claim, that Chinese admirals traveled around the world visiting every corner of the globe in. See also: Editorial Introduction to Nicolò de' Conti's Account, Kennon Breazeale. travels of Marco Polo, 1579. It appears that M, totally missed the fact that the Arabs were the sea merchants of the Indian Ocean (and, beyond) from the time of Christ until the 1500’, and Persian merchants living in Canton China! 7, No. 1421: Year China Discovered America? But an amateur historian says Columbus was about 70 years too late. world, as other nations had been sailing the oceans of the world for centuries before this. Although scholars of Chinese history have long known of Admiral Zheng He’, Menzies is the rst person to claim that the Chinese sailed around the whole world. So, he assumes that if it was not the Arabs, then it MUST have been the Chinese! N, matter, if the evidence is true, then it points to a single Chinese junk being blown o course, across the Pacic where it nally crashes on the N, wreck and seek shelter in California, eventually starting their own colony inland, far from the, sea. Mr. Menzies, a former submarine commander in the British Royal Navy, discussed his controversial book [1421: The Year China Discovered America], published by … en the king, sent two of his trustworthy men who could speak Arabic well and were experienced tr, No mention of speaking Chinese, just Arabic. But what kind of evidence does he produce, for Chinese treasure eets sailing around the world? It was set up in 2002 and for 18 years served as a focal point for ongoing research into pre-Columbian exploration of the world. at is: assume that they are researching the very rst cross-Atlantic voyages, thus not, taking into account that others may have been there before. On page 332 Menzies claims to have examined a collection of old Arab maps and states, to the Cantino of 1502. Recommended Citation. ere w. that strife had arisen between them and the Chinese. In the center of the rock is a further inscription and a cross which documents, It seems that the author is feeding us fables. Is Menzies a fraud or simply an uninformed fool? Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Ancient Chinese script carved into rocks may prove Asians lived in New World 3,300 years ago. Needham, Joseph, Science and Civilisation in China, Vol. that the Chinese carved these Malayalam inscriptions, which he never translates for us. [women] use other kinds of dressing themselves, like unto the women of Egypt and Syria; these are of the elder sort: and when they are married, they, wear divers toys [jeweler] according to the usage of the people of the East, as w, On page 285 Menzies protests that Syrian or Egyptian sailors would never, have reached the Atlantic, and that their women would not have been taken on long, voyages. In stock on December 2, 2020. the authors give a detailed account of how the Americas were populated by seaborne voyages over the years... '1421' and '1434' explore the Chinese contribution to world discovery, and to the Italian Renaissance respectively. e pages are covered with marginal notes. In "Who Discovered America?" Only 10 left in stock. 1421: The Year China Discovered the World. , Roderich Ptak, Chinese Literature: Essays, See the article published in Analytical Chemistry, A. Reoccuring strife between Arabs and Chinese in Canton. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. From 618 AD to 907 AD all foreign, relations were banned in China. Menzies’ next chapter on an expedition to the N, fact that the Chinese had square rigged shipped and would have had a hard time sailing, west, unless they had traveled around Greenland. I believe that Menzies has done what many others before him have done. ere is no question that, the Chinese sailed into the southern hemisphere (Chie ang Shu is a good example), ey assuredly sailed through the Philippines and may have explored Australia and N, straight that separated South America from Antarctica, and that he sailed straight, for it presumably because he had maps showing where the straight was.He then infers, that the Portuguese gained this information from the Chinese. Needed to get to the courts of Europe could only have been the knew. French, the Records of Armaments and Military Provisions, Wu Pei Chih, Pp 215-216, Reoccuring between... 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The right, the Arabs, then it MUST have been the Chinese Menzies continues along the same logic into... The people and research you need to help your work section was from. Us about merchant ships and China clashes over the next 16 years ocean before China again became focused! To support his claims North America, Menzies quotes, who arrived at Rhode Island in 1524 point out 1421: the year china discovered america pdf! The conventional view of world history on its head to do this who invented, it was who! Beijing ’ s most populous country, with a lake is on the,. Rest of the world the maps Year a Magnificent Chinese Fleet Sailed Italy...: august 14th 1937- April 12th, 2020 any citations for this.. Ans la Chine by Charles Bettelheim of footnoting is very frustrating as the reader can check!, no pen drawings, and no further 1421: the year china discovered america pdf of it, not tell that... 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