The name “Koekoek” describes a colour pattern rather than a breed. Angora wool is ideal for hand spinning into beautiful yarns that can either be used for knitting, crocheting or weaving. These are Holstein-Friesland, Jersey, Guernsey, Ayrshire, Swiss (Brown- and Dairy-), and Dairy Shorthorn. Originally developed as a dual-purpose breed in England that would possess moderate size, would fatten quickly and also produce a good milk supply. They breed well and are excellent mothers. Large Stock Not only are they a dual-purpose breed for beef and dairy, but in the past they were also used for draught. Cattle that scored less than 80 out of 100 were rejected, as acknowledged by the Braunvieh Cattle Breeders Society of South Africa. Angus. Cattle are one of the most important sources of animal protein in the world. In the early days of farming, before the horse became the main power source, cattle provided draught power so cattle were in fact triple-purpose. Nowadays, there are several local chicken breeds in South Africa such as Potchefstroom Koekoek, Venda, Naked Neck, Ovambo, Natal Game, Zulu, Nguni and Boschvelder, to name a few of the most popular ones. The Braunvieh has since had a dramatic impact on local cattle breeds globally, particularly due to quick growth, good muscle rations and build. Dual purpose: Boer: South Africa; tropical, dry: Chapper: Pakistan; tropical, dry: Chegu: India; subtropical/tropical, dry: Criollo: South America; tropical, humid: Gaddi: India and Pakistan; tropical, dry: Kajli: Pakistan; tropical, humid: Khurasani: Pakistan; tropical, humid: Malabar: India; tropical, humid: Ma T’ou: China; subtropical, humid: Nigerian Dwarf: Nigeria; tropical, humid In South Africa, at least six breeds of cattle are recognized as being "dairy breeds". In this respect, the Braunvieh outperforms other breeds due to its walking and foraging ability and the high-quality milk produced from veld forage. Enquiries? The cattle breed can survive in regions that are arid or semi-arid, and they also have a good reputation of being a dual-purpose cattle breed. The animals most often included under the term are the Western or European domesticated cattle as well as the Indian and African domesticated cattle. Color may vary from dark red to cream, spread about the body in random patterns. Many breeds fall into this category, including Black Australorps, New Hampshire's and White Leghorns. Pretoria, South Africa Milk South Africa ... Cross breeding Jersey with Angus for dual purpose production in smallholder systems. Bonsmara cattle are used for beef production, while the Nguni is a dual-purpose breed that is farmed for beef and milk production, particularly in traditional farming sys-tems. ... South America, Australia and New Zealand, as well as South Africa and the USA. These are breeds that provide both meat and milk. The females were farmed for milk and the unwanted males and cull … When farming rabbits it is always worthwhile looking at all marketing opportunities. They breed well and are excellent mothers. Considered to be one of the oldest and most genetically pure of all of the European breeds. In Africa there are two main races of Cattle: Bos indicus (cattle with humps) including the Boran, Sahiwal and Zebu cows (indigenous) and the Bos taurus (exotic or imported breeds).The two races can cross breed, and the crosses can be very productive both in terms of growth rates for beef, improved milk production as well as disease resistance. Having black fur means they must never be in the direct sun as this changes the colour to a rusty brown and spoils the coat. Afrikaner, Drakensberger and Bonsmara cattle are used for beef production, while the Nguni is a dual-purpose breed that is farmed for beef and Beefmaster Cattle Breeders' Society of South Africa Secretary: Mrs Magda Boukes Address: P.O. This breed of cow is another really popular breed. They are the other part of “exotics.” Dairy: originating in western Europe and selected in Locally developed dual purpose meat and white wool breed. The most popular breeds are the Holstein (Friesland), the Jersey, and the Ayrshire, but there are other breeds like the Guernsey, Milk Shorthorn, S.A. When a carcass is excessively fat, a large amount of the fat is trimmed off by the butcher and often not used for food. ... A medium to large frame dual purpose breed, which was developed for meat and dairy production in a 60:40 ratio. Silver Fox is a dual purpose breed with a black pelt. The dual-purpose Merino is also called the German Merino and was used to develop other sheep breeds such as the Dormer and Dohne Merino. Ayrshire is one of the best dairy cattle breeds in the world. The Shorthorn cattle are a dual purpose breed of cattle and suitable for both milk and meat production. In South Africa, at least six breeds of cattle are recognized as being "dairy breeds". Also referred to as Miling Simmental because of its origin from the Simmental breed of cattle, the breed was developed in Germany and introduced into Kenya from South Africa … Although it is a dual purpose breed, the Pinzgauer is mainly bred for beef in South Africa. By Lloyd Phillips. Data from the National Dairy Cattle Performance and The Fleckvieh breed was introduced by Fleckvieh Genetics East Africa (FGEA) from South Africa in 2009. The Fleckvieh breed of cattle is said to be a high yielding, dual-purpose cow developed for both dairy and beef production. The most promising dairy breeds of African zebu are probably Kenana and Butana, both originating from Central Sudan. Minor breeds are of local or regional importance and some of them are endangered. The Illumina OvineSNP50 BeadChip was used to genotype 400 sheep belonging to 14 breeds representing mutton, pelt and mutton and wool dual‐purpose breeds. They are easy to breed and animals that is either old or not a good producer can be slaughtered and provides a very good carcass. The two races can cross breed, and the crosses can be very productive both in terms of growth rates for beef, improved milk production as well as disease resistance. The Potchefstroom Koekoek is specifically suited for South African conditions. The Braunvieh is a popular cattle breed in South Africa, with its origins in Europe it is found in all cattle breeding countries. In the case of beef cattle, the 10 most popular breeds were: Bonsmara, Brahman, Nguni, Beefmaster, Simmentaler, Santa Gertrudis, Angus, Simbra, Drakensberger and Afrikaner. These breeds … Dual Purpose:breeds selected for both beef and dairy production in their native areas, mostly continental Europe, and combinations of beef and dairy breeds. This breed originated in the Channel Islands near the north coast of France. Dual-purpose breeds have an important share of milk and beef production in certain parts of the world, especially in Europe. “When it comes to male fertility, Pinzgauers possess the two most important qualities in a breeding bull: High sperm count and … The breed is still bred as a milk-beef dual purpose breed in central European countries, however, a few countries have started to give more consideration to milk production. Silver foxes are a well established breed in South Africa and carry a beautiful black fur ticked on the sides with long silvery white hairs. South African Mutton Merino . The breed originated in the 18th century in the southern Tyrol region of Austria, an area that now forms part of Italy, and is a cross of the Eringer breed and the local spotted red cattle. In those years, the breed, thanks to its exceptional qualities, distinguished itself by resulting in a marked improvement of all the breeds with which it was … Santa Gertrudis. Discipline: management; Smallholder farmers in the southern Cape sometimes buy pure and crossbred calves and rear them on culled dairy nurse cows. Often referred to as ‘beefy little milkers’, these small-bodied cattle thrive in environments varying from semi-arid to subtropical, and in systems ranging from smallholdings to large extensive farms. The Fleckvieh breed is a low maintenance dual-purpose breed which produces milk steadily for 305 days without decline in yield,” said Gerard Besseling, who is also the FGEA's managing director. The special characteristics are … They are not bred for meat production but for wool production. … Read more South Africa Online (Pty) Ltd. SouthAfrica.co.za. Most of them were bred in this country. Dexter Cattle: Heritage Livestock Breeds ... dual-purpose household cow. It would be necessary to invest in a spinning wheel and in spinning lessons but once learned this craft can provide a very good living for the crafter or farmer. Dairy Swiss, Dexter, and the Simmentaler which are less popular in S.African dairy farming. Guernsey. South Africa Online (Pty) Ltd. SouthAfrica.co.za. The erosion of indigenous livestock breeds in southern Africa is cause for concern as the animals provide a significant contribution to the rich biodiversity of the region. Beef (meat of … This unique South African white wooled mutton sheep breed is considered to be a dual purpose breed. As one travels around the world it is easy to see why Fleckvieh have maintained such a presence in the beef cattle industry. It’s a dual-purpose breed … Today Bonsmaras are found throughout South Africa under all possible grazing and climatical conditions. Dual Purpose breeds are used only for beef in the United States. Silver foxes are a well established breed in South Africa and carry a beautiful black fur ticked on the sides with long silvery white hairs. Eggs: A Maran will lay around 200 eggs a year. Marans. ENGLISH AFRIKAANS. Have dual-purpose breeds got a place today? Marans are another dual purpose hen and are renowned for their vibrant dark brown eggs and exception meal quality. Bulls that do not meet the minimum performance standards in phase C performance testing are castrated and Braunvieh SA only allows top bulls with above average scores to be branded with their mark and be registered with SA Studbook. It is named after the Simmental – the valley of the Simme river – in the Bernese Oberland, in the canton of Bern in Switzerland. The home region of the Boran is the dry areas in Southern Ethiopia/Northern Kenya, and the breed has been widely used in improvement programmes ail over Eastern Africa, mainly for beef. Home Animals Cattle A no-fuss, farm-bred, dual-purpose chicken. Not in the specialist dairy industry, as the pressure is on for more and more efficiency - more fat, protein, litres at a lower body weight. Tharparkar cow is also known as White Sindhi, Cutchi, and Thari. Photo: SA Mutton Merino Breeders’ Society Origin of the breed Originally known as the German Mutton Merino, the first sheep were imported from Germany in 1932 by the South African Department of Agriculture for a breeding program at Elsenburg. Found in ancient cave drawings dated 7,000 years ago in France. From America, 5/8 Angus and 3/8 Beef Friesian (dual purpose breed), excess in maternal traits, solid red or black in color and polled. South Devon cattle were first imported into South Africa in 1897, and the South Devon Cattle Breeders’ Society of SA was founded in Pietermaritzburg in 1914. Most of the original indigenous sheep breeds have been neglected as pure breeds and breeds such as the Namakwa Afrikaner and Ronderib Afrikaner risk extinction with less than 1000 breeding animals left in South Africa. In the America, Australasia, certain "new European Simmental countries" and Africa the breed is mainly used for beef production. Results of the national cattle survey undertaken in South Africa, with emphasis on beef M.M. Braunvieh are dual-purpose cattle, first imported to South Africa in 1907 as part of a cross-breeding programme initiated by the Department of Agriculture to improve the indigenous breeds and produce cattle suited for the cold highlands in South Africa. Angora rabbits are a very special breed. Second, is the dual purpose animal found in Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat which gives you 5-6 litres of milk and also works in the field. Dual purpose chicken breeds are suited for both egg and meat production. INTRODUCTION. All Rights Reserved. It is reddish in colour with white markings, and is raised for both milk and meat. The Potch Koekoek is a hardy dual-purpose breed. The Simmental or Swiss Fleckvieh is a Swiss breed of dual-purpose cattle. During the mid-20th century, Afrikaner cat-tle were crossbred with Bos taurus breeds that originated from Europe such as Hereford and Shorthorn to develop the Bonsmara breed [1]. Cattle carcasses vary in chemical composition much more than milk does, depending on breed, sex, age, level of nutrition, etc. Africa is endowed with a very wide range of mo stly Bos indicus indigenous cattle breeds. On 2 April 1925 the Braunvieh Breeders Association was founded to … A no-fuss, farm-bred, dual-purpose chicken . The first animals that arrived here were typical of the British breed at that stage: a large, dual-purpose animal. was founded in 1964 and within 20 years has become the biggest of all beef and dual purpose breeds in South Africa. Statistics on beef and dual- purpose breeds of stud cattle with more than 1000 registered females older than two … Dual-purpose breeds include many of the Zebu breeds of India such as Tharparkar and Ongole Cattle. The pelt from a mature rabbit gives the highest possible quality; therefore the highest price when either sold or used to produce a quality product for sale. It acquired a status of a specialized dairy breed but is selected to maintain its advantageous protein content. British breeds (such as Angus, Hereford, Poll Hereford, Shorthorn, Galloway, Murray Grey and Devon) are popular in many southern regions. Nguni sheep were included as a representative of indigenous nondescript breeds that are reared by smallholder farmers. The Simmental is also widely used in Australia and New Zealand, with Zebu crossings in … They are different breeds of dairy cattle that are farmed with in SA. The Nguni cattle breed is special to Southern Africa. June 10, 2010 at 2:36 pm While a fast-paced urban lifestyle is behind the need for commercial high-producing poultry breeds, a market exists in rural areas for a no-fuss, dual-purpose chicken. They are excellent mothers. The Braunvieh is a popular cattle breed in South Africa, with its origins in Europe it is found in all cattle breeding countries. The Dexter cattle breed is well established in South Africa. ... and South Africa. The breed is also known by some other names such as N’Dama Petite (Senegal), Mandingo (Liberia), Boenca or Boyenca (Guinea-Bissau), Malinke, Futa, Fouta Malinke, Fouta Longhorn, Fouta Jallon etc.. N’Dama cattle were imported to the Caribbean Island of Saint Croix from Senegal in the 19th century, and later crossed with Red Poll cattle to form the Senepol cattle breed. A Nguni cow herd of the Makhathini ecotype. Eighteen years later, the South African Braunvieh Cattle Breeders’ Society, Braunvieh SA for short, was founded to protect and promote the interests of Braunvieh producers in the country. It lays enough eggs and is also sufficiently broody. In England the Red Poll was often used for dairying although originally they were considered more as a dual purpose breed, which means that they produced both excellent milk and beef. Africander. Most British Breeds mature early and fatten on less feed. The breed is reared in Austria, Germany, Italy and South Africa. Production takes place almost across South Africa, with different breeds being suited to different climatic conditions and areas. Other breeds, such as Simmentaler, Red Poll, Dexter and South Devon are occasionally seen in the milking parlour. The wool can also be plucked or gently pulled from the rabbit when it is in a full moult. Fat content may vary from almost zero to 30 percent and more. Since then the Braunvieh has become the breed that, over a thirty-year period, has won South-Africa phase C performance testing the most times – a standardised test where bulls from different breeds are evaluated and subjected to various body measurements under the same conditions over a predetermined period, to determine factors such as their average daily gain and feed conversion ratio. Australorp chickens were developed in Australia in the 1900s through selective breeding of Black Orpington birds. Developed from a small nucleus of German Merino sheep, it has adapted to most environmental conditions of South Africa. Amerifax. Dairy R&D in SA Cross breeding Jersey with Angus for dual purpose production in smallholder systems. Although when farming on a large commercial scale it is most common to use the large breeds such as New Zealand Whites and Californians, it is often more profitable to look at medium-sized dual-purpose rabbits when farming on a small scale. A few of the most important dual-purpose breeds in South Africa are listed below. breeds that have been farmed for centuries in South Africa [1]. The Tyrol Grey or Tyrolean Grey (German: Tiroler Grauvieh, Italian: Grigio Alpina) is a typical alpine cattle breed from Tyrol in Austria and South Tyrol in Italy. These are Holstein-Friesland, Jersey, Guernsey, Ayrshire, Swiss (Brown- and Dairy-), and Dairy Shorthorn. Tyrol Grey. Cattle, domesticated bovine farm animals that are raised for their meat, milk, or hides or for draft purposes. In the fifties the then South West Africa that had no dairy cattle produced on average of 9,2 million pounds of butter and 367 300 pounds of cheese per year. A world renown dual-purpose cattle breed arrives in Kenya today. In those years, the breed, thanks to its exceptional qualities, distinguished itself by resulting in a marked improvement of all the breeds with which it was crossed, resulting in accelerated growth, good muscling and excellent conformity in offspring. The Fleckvieh breed was introduced by Fleckvieh Genetics East Africa (FGEA) from South Africa in 2009. The breed was originated in the 18th century from the North East of England. Many characteristics need to be documented or even recorded. Hereford. Sustainable farming requires far less bought-in feed, as the rabbits are fed mainly on hay and greens from the vegetable and herb garden, they grow far more slowly than commercially-fed animals. Cross breeding Jersey with Angus for dual purpose production in smallholder systems. Box 506, Bloemfontein 9300 E-mail: beefmastersa@stemma.co.za Contact: Mrs Magda Boukes Telephone: 051 410 0900 Fax: 051 410 0935 For Emile, the story began when he heard of an SA Simmentaler Society project to save the nearly extinct Pustertaler breed. However, for the small farmer on a lifestyleblock we should look at them again. Examples of some British pure breeds: Shorthorn; Red Devon; South Devon; Red Poll; Sussex; Dexter; Kerry; Welsh Black ; How were they used? Ayrshire. South African Mutton Merino. The breed is a dual-purpose animal with a dairy focus. These eggs are a vibrant dark brown colour and are medium sized. The Bonsmara Cattle Breeders' Society : The Society was founded in 1964 and within 20 years has become the biggest of all beef and dual purpose breeds in South Africa. Salers. It is a truly indigenous South African bird with bright yellow yolks. It is one used in many different parts of … Braunvieh are dual-purpose cattle, first imported to South Africa in 1907 as part of a cross-breeding programme initiated by the Department of Agriculture to improve the indigenous breeds and produce cattle suited for the cold highlands in South Africa. 2.2 Sheep and goats. Natal Game is an unusual breed Other breeds, such as Simmentaler, Red Poll, Dexter and South Devon are occasionally seen in the milking parlour. The most important reason for the popularity of the Simmentaler in the first half of the previous century was its dual purpose characteristics. Beef production in South Africa has a rich heritage, with cattle being used in the past and even today for different reasons in various cultures throughout the country. This gives them time to grow into a full adult pelt (fur) before slaughter. Some European dual-purpose breeds, derived from the Simmental breed, are also currently being milked in South Africa. 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